4 key bits of information are entered (weight or estimated weight based on US, sex, gestation and whether or not the mother received steroids before birth) and then a chart is displayed with statistics showing survival rates and the percentage of those with mild to profound disabilities.
Directly from the NIH website...
"Every day, physicians and new parents must struggle with the type of care to provide to extremely low birth weight infants, the smallest, most frail category of preterm infants. These infants are born in the 22nd through the 25th week of pregnancy—far earlier than the 40 weeks of a full term pregnancy. Many die soon after birth, despite the best attempts to save them, including the most sophisticated newborn intensive care available. Some survive and reach adulthood, relatively unaffected. The rest will experience some degree of life long disability, ranging from minor hearing loss to blindness, to cerebral palsy, to profound intellectual disability.
The study authors referred to the issue of providing intensive care for extremely low birth weight infants. For example, physicians and family members may be reluctant to expose an infant to painful life support procedures if the infant is unlikely to survive. In such cases, they may opt for “comfort care,” which provides for an infant’s basic needs, but foregoes painful medical procedures. In deciding the kind of care to provide, specialists at intensive care facilities traditionally have relied heavily on an infant’s gestational age—the week of pregnancy a premature infant is born. Gestational age is known to play a large role in the infant’s survival. For this reason, in many facilities, intensive care is likely to be routinely given to infants born in the 25th week of pregnancy, whereas infants born in the 22nd week may be more likely to receive comfort care."
Although I am encouraged to see that parents will be given a choice and hopefully some useful information, I wonder how many docs are aware of this information or will even use it.
It is a start nonetheless.